Australian Point Based Migration System
Australia has a point based immigration process which provides permanent residency to successful applicants. The best way to get permanent residence in Australia is through GSM- General Skilled Migration which is valid throughout the country. Here, in the migration skill assessment, the applicant is required to score a minimum of 60 points to get the Australian skilled visa. There are various categories where a candidate can score. The categories are given below:-
Candidates applying for the skilled visa under subclasses 485, 189, 887 must nominate an occupation on the Skilled Occupations List while candidates applying for a skilled visa under subclasses 190, 489, 457 must nominate an occupation on the Consolidated Sponsored Occupations List. As of 2011, no points are being allotted to any specific occupation anymore.
Candidates score points based on their age group. The ones aged between 25-32 years score the most points (30 points) while the candidates in the age group 45-49 years score nothing.
English Language Proficiency: The Skill select applicants are made to take an International English Language Testing System (IELTS) exam. All candidates, even native English speaking candidates are to sit for this exam to get the points allotted in this category. The Superior level scores the most points (20 marks) where the applicant secures 8 marks or more in the IELTS exam.
The years of experience in a skilled occupation within the last 10 years help to score points. This work experience can be done within Australia or elsewhere. Points from both experiences in Australia and elsewhere can be combined but the maximum total points awarded in this category is 20 points.
Points here are applied to a candidate’s highest qualification. The Doctorate degree gains the maximum points of 20. Also, the qualifications have to be related to the candidate’s nominated occupation. This qualification is verified during the skills assessment on the passing of which another 10 points are allotted to the candidate.
Applicants are awarded 5 points if they have completed an Australian qualification from an Australian institution while staying in Australia. The course of study must not be less than 2 years.
If the applicants fulfill the 2 year study period in Australia listed in the above category while living and studying in a low population growth metropolitan area, a further 5 points are added.
Community Language Skills
If the candidate has basic translator/ interpreter level language skills in one of Australia’s designated community languages, he is allotted 5 points. This skill, however, must be recognized by Australia’s National Accreditation Authority for Translators and Interpreters (NAATI).
Spouse/ Partner Skills and Qualifications
If the spouse of the applicant is included in the visa application and is not an Australian citizen, their skills of basic requirement as listed in the GSM, can be included for the points total.
The candidate can earn 5 points if he has completed one professional year in Australia in the last 4 years. This professional year must be in the field of their nominated job or related to it.
Nomination and Sponsorship
Applicants for a Skilled nominated visa for subclass 190 and Skilled nominated or Sponsored visa for subclass 489 are awarded points for being sponsored by an Australian state or territory government. The maximum point that can be earned in this category is 10.Now, CDR report or the Competency Demonstration Report holds the documents which have all the information about the educational qualifications, professional work done by the engineer, etc. The RPL report or the Recognition of Prior Learning holds the information of the necessary skill experience of the non-ICT qualified candidates. CDR Reports require authentic information. If the data provided in the reports don’t match with the agencies’ records, the credibility of the engineer will suffer a blow and the immigration process will become strenuous and lengthy.
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